Canadian citizenship is granted to permanent residents, after they fulfilled the requirements established by the Citizenship Act.
If adults (at least 18 years old) want to apply for a grant of citizenship, they must have permanent resident status in Canada. Further, adults must have been physically present in Canada for at least 1095 days (three years) out of the last five years before the application.
When assessing whether the applicant meets the residency requirement, keep in mind the following four rules:
1. Every day of physical presence as a permanent resident counts as one day.
2. Every day of residency as a temporary resident or protected person computed as a half day; accumulating to a maximum of 365 days.
3. Time spent serving a sentence or under a probation order in Canada is not considered.
4. Furthermore, government employees and their family members may use time spent outside Canada.
To calculate the physical presence in Canada, the prospects should record their trips outside Canada in a travel journal.
The best practice is to apply with more than 1095 days of physical presence to avoid any problems with the calculation.
Last but not least, applicants between the ages of 18 and 54 must demonstrate sufficient knowledge in English or French, pass the citizenship test and take the citizenship oath.